Creating a Time Line
CRVs were encouraged to create their own time line, so that they could fit events and developments into the dates of the project 1650 - 1850
The project timespan was chosen to start at the time of the British capture of Jamaica and the development of plantations using a workforce of enslaved Africans. By this time the North American colonies began to turn away from indentured servitude and instead rely on chattel slavery. The Spanish and Portuguese had been trading with West Africans to purchase Africans to work on their South African plantations and in their mines since 1444.
The project timespan continues through from the days when the Welsh woollen cottage industry produced cloth to meet local needs, but was also exporting wool and cloth through Shrewsbury to London for sale to international merchants. The increase in demand for this trade saw packhorses carrying lengths of Welsh cloth to Shrewsbury or later directly to Liverpool. The rise of mechanisation of the industry took away the potential for local work and along with increased rents and taxes this forced families in Mid Wales into poverty. The abolition of the Slave Trade and later the abolition of slavery meant that Welsh Plains was no longer the prefered fabric and the production ceased by 1850.
Joy produced this timeline:
1655 Britain claimed Jamaica from the Spanish - this was the time of the Parliamentarian rule under Oliver Cromwell
1660 Charles II is restored to the throne
1666 Great Fire of London destroys two-thirds of the city
1672 Royal African Company is established to regulate the African slave trade
1699 80% of those living in the Caribbean are African slaves
1707 Act of Union of England and Scotland is ratified
1737 Richard Pennant born, owner of Penrhyn estate, six sugar plantations in Jamaica, and hundreds of enslaved African workers. He was a staunch anti-abolitionist
1747 Liverpool overtakes Bristol as Britain's busiest slave trading port
1760 Tacky leads the first major slave rebellion in Jamaica
1771 'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill
1772 Slavery is effectively outlawed in England
1774 Methodist John Wesley publishes 'Thoughts Upon Slavery' and the Abolution Movement starts in Britain
1775 American War of Independence begins
1787 First fleet of convicts sails from Britain to Australia
1788 First edition of 'The Times' of London is published on 1st January
1789 French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille
1791 Parliament rejects William Wilberforce's bill to abolish the slave trade
1801 Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland were formally joined under the Act of Union to create the United Kingdom in 1801.
1807 The Slave Trade was abolished
1808 Richard Pennant died after year camaigning against the abolition of the slave trade
1811 - 1812 Luddite protesters attack industrial machinery in protest against unemployment
1838 Newtown, Montgomeryshire - the first great Chartist demonstration in Wales was held on 10 October
Click HERE for a more detailed time line reflecting an interest in the shared history between Wales and Jamaica bringing together information from various sources.
Or click HERE for the BBC Empire and Sea Power History timeline